Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatment

Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatment
  • Author: Michael C. Newman and William H. Clements
    Publisher: CRC Press
    Genres: Medical
    Publish Date: December 13, 2007
    ISBN-10: 0849333571
    Pages: 880
    File Type: PDF
    Language: English


Book Preface

Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatment is intended to bridge a widening gap between ecotoxicology textbooks and technical books focused on specific ecotoxicological topics. Important, narrowly focused books abound, and textbooks appear yearly but are often broad-brush treatments of the field of ecotoxicology. This treatment represents a synthesis needed to provide the student with an understanding beyond that afforded by a general textbook but, unlike that from more specialized books, remains focused on paradigms and fundamental themes. Designed to be flexible enough to meet the variety of instructional vantages, subsets of chapters may be used while de-emphasizing others. (See Table 1 for two possible chapter groupings.) Regardless of an instructor’s vantage and

TABLE 1
Two Illustrations of Chapter Selections That Might Be Chosen in a 3-Credit Hour EcotoxicologyCourse (The Entire Book Could Be Covered in a 4-Credit Hour Course) Hypothetical Course 1

Chapter 1 The Hierarchical Science of Ecotoxicology
Chapter 2 The Organismal Ecotoxicology Context
Chapter 3 Biochemistry of Toxicants
Chapter 4 Cells and Tissues
Chapter 5 Organs and Organ Systems
Chapter 6 Physiology
Chapter 7 Bioaccumulation
Chapter 8 Models of Bioaccumulation and Bioavailability
Chapter 9 Lethal Effects
Chapter 10 Sublethal Effects
Chapter 12 The Population Ecotoxicology Context
Chapter 14 Toxicants and Simple Population Models
Chapter 15 Toxicants and Population Demographics
Chapter 17 Population Genetics: Damage and Stochastic Dynamics of the Germ Line
Chapter 18 Population Genetics: Natural Selection
Chapter 20 Introduction to Community Ecotoxicology
Chapter 22 Biomonitoring and the Responses of Communities to Contaminants
Chapter 25 Disturbance Ecology and the Responses of Communities to Contaminants
Chapter 29 Introduction to Ecosystem Ecology and Ecotoxicology
Chapter 34 Fate and Transport of Contaminants in Ecosystems
Chapter 36 Conclusion

TABLE 1
Continued Hypothetical Course 2
Chapter 1 The Hierarchical Science of Ecotoxicology
Chapter 2 The Organismal Ecotoxicology Context
Chapter 7 Bioaccumulation
Chapter 8 Models of Bioaccumulation and Bioavailability
Chapter 9 Lethal Effects
Chapter 10 Sublethal Effects
Chapter 12 The Population Ecotoxicology Context
Chapter 14 Toxicants and Simple Population Models
Chapter 15 Toxicants and Population Demographics
Chapter 17 Population Genetics: Damage and Stochastic Dynamics of the Germ Line
Chapter 18 Population Genetics: Natural Selection
Chapter 20 Introduction to Community Ecotoxicology
Chapter 21 Biotic and Abiotic Factors That Regulate Communities
Chapter 22 Biomonitoring and the Responses of Communities to Contaminants
Chapter 23 Experimental Approaches in Community Ecology and Ecotoxicology
Chapter 25 Disturbance Ecology and the Responses of Communities to Contaminants
Chapter 29 Introduction to Ecosystem Ecology and Ecotoxicology
Chapter 31 Descriptive Approaches for Assessing Ecosystem Responses to Contaminants
Chapter 32 The Use of Microcosms, Mesocosms, and Field Experiments to Assess Ecosystem Responses to Contaminants and Other Stressors
Chapter 34 Fate and Transport of Contaminants in Ecosystems
Chapter 36 Conclusion

objectives, chapters can be selected so that students come away from any course with a respect for the importance of understanding and integrating concepts from all levels of biological organization. Some chapters include materials that are not conventionally covered in ecotoxicology textbooks and courses (e.g., Chapters 30, 33, and 35).We disagree with any suggestion that discussion include only conventional mammalian poisons in the environment that could do harm to other biota. Any ecotoxicant,1 even nitrogen or CO2, is relevant if present in sufficient amounts to perturb ecological entities. Because most biology students are more familiar with principles of biochemical to organismal biology than ecological principles relevant to the second half of the book, the authors dedicated more pages in later chapters discussing relevant foundation principles.

Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatment has separate sections for the ecotoxicology of individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems. The ecosystem section encompasses issues ranging from the conventional, discrete ecosystem (e.g., a lake) to the entire biosphere. Although these topics are treated separately, the authors’ intent is to integrate ecotoxicological concepts across these hierarchical levels.

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