Marine Microbiology: Bioactive Compounds and Biotechnological Applications
The study of the microorganisms in the sea is called marine microbiology. Microbiology is an exceptionally broad discipline encompassing specialties as diverse as biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, taxonomy, pathogenic bacteriology, food and industrial microbiology, and ecology. Marine microbes include bacteria, virus and fungi widely available in marine arena. In the recent years, much attention has been laid on marine derived bioactive compounds for various biological and biomedical applications. Marine microbial bioactives are one of them and much potent from the ancient days. For an example, penicillin is the first drug isolated from Penicillium fungi and used to treat several diseases until today. The class of Marine actinobacteria are the most valuable prokaryotes both economically as well as biotechnologically. Among the actinobacteria, Streptomycetes group is considered economically important because out of the approximately more than 10 000 known antibiotics, 50–55% are produced by this genus. There is still need to develop several potent bioactive compounds from marine microorganisms. I had a long-standing interest to edit a book on marine microbial compounds and their biotechnological applications for the drug discovery. Only limited books are available on marine microbiology and many microbiologists and biotechnologists around the globe have written several chapters in various editions. However, full weightage has been given in the present book related to marine microbes. This book will be useful for both novice and experts in the field of marine microbiology, natural product science and biotechnology. By reading this book, scholars and scientists working in the field of marine microbiology can improve their practical knowledge towards its biotechnological applications.
Part I of this book covers the introduction about the microorganism from the deep sea and also global ecosystems. Part II of this book reveals the taxonomic study of marine actinobacteria, potential source for pharmaceutical agents, and usage of microorganism in aquaculture, production of antibiotic and pharmaceutical oriented compounds. Part III of the book extensively compiles the information regarding biological and biomedical activity of marine microbe derived compounds for different applications such as antifungal, anti-mycotoxin, anti-tuberculosis and antimicrobial activities.
I am grateful to all the contributors, my students and colleagues. I am also thankful to Wiley publishers for their constant support. I believe this book will bring new ideas for various biotechnological applications of marine microorganisms.
Busan, South Korea Prof. Se-Kwon Kim
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